As laid out in the NSTC Report “A National Strategic Overview for Quantum Information Science”, the Nation’s strategy for ensuring continued leadership in Quantum Information Science leverage efforts that span across six policy areas: Science, Workforce, Infrastructure, Industry, Economic and National Security, and International Cooperation.
Quantum Information Science (QIS) builds on quantum mechanics and information theory to explore the fundamental limits for computation, communication, and measurement. Advantages and protocols for measuring signals with quantum systems, i.e., quantum sensing, and novel solutions for quantum computing and quantum networking are topics investigated in QIS. Importantly, the improved understanding of the quantum world provided by QIS shows that in some cases the performance of quantum information systems is vastly superior to that of traditional classical technologies. Inspired by this knowledge, and key QIS discoveries since the 1980’s, pioneering QIS experiments since the 1990’s, quantum engineering from the 2000’s, and commercial activity now, the world is on the cusp of a second quantum revolution. The resulting prospects for innovation fueled by QIS, with implications for jobs and security, motivated the United States to enact the National Quantum Initiative to accelerate American leadership in quantum information science and technology.
QIS is a rapidly evolving scientific discipline with substantial discovery opportunities ahead. New use cases and platforms may come from approaches that are not yet invented. Therefore, it is the policy of the U.S. Government to stimulate transformative and fundamental discoveries by taking an approach that puts the science first. This includes strengthening core research programs, establishing Centers and Consortia, and supporting a robust and diverse portfolio of research at the forefront of quantum information science. To see current activities that support this policy click here.
Growing an American quantum-smart workforce with expertise in a broad range of physical, information, and engineering sciences is crucial for assuring sustained progress in QIS. However, America’s current educational system typically focuses on discrete disciplinary tracks, rarely emphasizing cross-disciplinary study that equips graduates for complex modern questions and challenges, prominently including QIS. While the responsibility of training students traditionally resides within the academic community, Government agencies and industry are partnering with academia to meet the Nation’s future needs. To see current activities that support this policy click here.
Revolutionary advances expected to come from QIS have already led to substantial industry attention on QIS research and development. Both large companies and a variety of startups and small businesses are investing heavily in quantum sensing, networking, computing, and supporting technologies. Several companies have already released or will soon unveil new quantum sensors, entanglement distribution capabilities, quantum processors, along with plans to continue developing the marketplace for quantum technologies. In view of the economic and national security implications of QIS technologies, the U.S. Government is coordinating with industry in the U.S. and around the globe. To see current activities that support this policy click here.
Successful development of QIS technologies hinges on the availability of suitable materials, instrumentation, facilities, and infrastructure. The QIS research and development enterprise is not yet large enough to sustain an industry focused on developing and supplying all the necessary infrastructure. A targeted expansion of the relevant Federal and industrial infrastructure will accelerate progress. To see current activities that support this policy click here.
Investment in basic research lays the foundation for the Nation’s prosperity and security. Government investments, dedicated initiatives, and cross-agency collaborations are key for creating new markets and preparing Federal agencies and industry to adopt next-generation quantum technologies. A robust and rigorous approach to the science underlies this approach. To see recommendations from the Joint Committee on the Research Environment (JCORE) that supports this policy click here.
Science, technology, and innovation are cornerstones of the highly interconnected world of the 21st century, where businesses operate globally and scientists and engineers collaborate across borders. Considering the global nature of scientific and industrial enterprises, the United States, including the private sector, has a long history of cooperation with international partners in fundamental QIS research. These partnerships have accelerated scientific discovery and technological development, while promoting economic growth and national security. To see current activities that support this policy click here.