The National Quantum Initiative (NQI) Act became Public Law 115-368 in December 2018 to accelerate American leadership in quantum information science and technology. This is the first Annual Report on the NQI Program budget, as required by the NQI Act. The release of this report follows the ramp-up of the NQI Program during 2019 and the establishment of several NQI centers and a consortium during 2020.
The United States has invested in fundamental QIS R&D, with core efforts underway in over a dozen agencies. Therefore, to highlight the entire Federal QIS R&D ecosystem, the substantial and sustained efforts funded by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Department of Energy (DOE), the Department of Defense (DOD), the Intelligence Community (IC), and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) are recognized. This report includes brief summaries of agency efforts in addition to progress on cross-cutting QIS policy topics.
The strategic plan guiding NQI Program investments is the National Strategic Overview for Quantum Information Science. Released by the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) Subcommittee on QIS in 2018, the Strategic Overview identifies policy areas discussed within this report are: investing in fundamental quantum information science and engineering, developing the workforce capacity, engaging with industry, investing in infrastructure, maintaining economic and national security, and encouraging international cooperation.
Report URL: https://www.quantum.gov/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/NQI-Annual-Report-FY2021.pdf